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warwick avatar image

Matching SPD to MPPT

This is a question I have been discussing with colleagues and there seems no clear answer.

I have noted that most of the SPDs on the market are either Uc 600VDC, 1000VDC or 1500VDC. But our MPPTs are 150V MAX, 250V MAX or 450V MAX.

It seems thus, that a 600VDC SPD might protect something in the system against over voltage but that would not include the MPPT which would be exposed to over-voltage before the SPD had begun protecting (Uc).

Should we not be getting 145V, 245V and 445V SPDs manufactured which match the Victron products to properly protect MPPTs against over voltage? I have spoken to a manufacturer willing to do this but MOQ is 250 units which is a bit much for me to "test" the concept with.

Any insight would be valued.

mppt smart solarmppt rsspd
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2 Answers
solarhack avatar image
solarhack answered ·

Hi

The industry trend appears to be going in the direction of higher voltage lower current MPPTs. This makes sense as the arrays can be simpler and are less affected by shade. Victron is also doing this with its latest MPPT (Smart Solar 250's and the Smartsolar MPPT RS).

There are few manufacturers that make lower voltage surge protectors and even though they re not the exact values above they should largely cater for Victron's MPPTs

Prosurge (200V Din rail and 100V PCB mount) https://prosurge.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/Prosurge-catalog-CPV-series-SPD-for-PV-DC-TUV.pdf

Citel (Din rail - 75V, 95V, 130V, 220V, 280V) https://citel.de/en/ac-power/type-2-dc-surge-protector/ds240s-130dc

Citel (Din rail 450V) https://citel.de/en/ac-power/type-2-dc-surge-protector/ds42vgs-450dc

I hope that helps

2 comments
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I am aware that there are these options available eg. 220V or 280V Citel and the like. My question is not whether there are 200V or 300V etc SPDs on the market.

The question is, if we were to develop a product like a 245V for use with 250V Victron MPPTs, would that be helpful? It seems to be this would help protect the MPPT from edge of cloud and the like as well as surges.

The challenge is we cannot test this without such SPDs being in existence. I will do some testing with 220V on a system that usually starts the morning in the 225V range and see what happens.

Cool, sorry didn't quite understand that
seb71 avatar image
seb71 answered ·

Mostly you want Up (voltage protection level) to be lower.

Uc (maximum continous operating voltage) must be slightly above your maximum PV array voltage (in normal conditions). So Uc should be something like 1.2 Voc, or slightly above that (here Voc is your maximum array Voc).

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This is really the nub of the question. I'm asking about whether it is possible or practical to calibrate the SPD to match the maximum operation voltage of the MPPT eg. 245V on a 250V MPPT and whether that would serve to protect the MPPT from overvoltage eg. edge of cloud as well as surges.