question

solarlion avatar image
solarlion asked

ESS – What Multiplus II 5000 / EM24 Ethernet regulation speed expected?

I installed a system with 3-phase Multiplus II 5000, 8x Pylontech US3000C and a EM24 Ethernet as grid meter. There is an AC coupled Solar system.

The EM24 should have a measurement speed of 1600 data points per second in 50Hz System. But the ESS seems to take multiple seconds to adopt to a new load. It does not matter if the Solar peaks or if I activate a big consumer.

Following Picture show the Grid consumption and the spikes trying to regulate it to Zero.ess-regulation-speed.jpg

Now the Question:
Is this normal? Any settings to improve the regulating speed of ESS?

Multiplus-IIESSPylontech
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8 Answers
mucwendel avatar image
mucwendel answered ·

I have the same Problem.

It takes sometimes more than 10 Sec. until the power comes back from -xxx to positive values.

That means I give away power for free.

It happens e.g. using induction heater on 50% as it switches on and off 0/3000W.

Some say it belongs to Grid Code. But nobody prevents me to switch of and on 3000W the whole day. But MP2 is very slow :-(.

(AUX-1 is not used)


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shaneyake avatar image shaneyake commented ·

The inverter is limited to 400W per second at the fastest but there are also other factors. See link below.

https://www.victronenergy.com/live/ess:ess_mode_2_and_3
"5. Response times and ramp speed
There are multiple factors that determine the response time to a (digital-) command to feed in:

Latency and communication speed of all components in the communication chain: ModbusTCP or MQTT, GX Device, MK3 microprocessor, ESS Assistant, internal communication in the Multi itself.

Rate limiting imposed by the used Country Grid code. Code “Other” has no rate limiting, Code “Europe” allows installer configurable rate limiting, many other codes have fixed a powerup ramp up.

Hard coded rate limiting in the inverter/charger firmware: as per ESS version 162 it is set to 400W per second. The reason for this rate limiter is that without that there are regulation problems (overloads and such) when the mains is weak (long cables and such resulting in a relatively high impedance). More information on that here, as well as in the main ESS manual."


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mucwendel avatar image
mucwendel answered ·

It looks like the regulation of the battery charging/discharging is too slow. When nI switch off a 2kw heater it takes up to 10 sec. to 0 infeed.


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David avatar image David commented ·
This is by design.
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pedaaa avatar image
pedaaa answered ·

there are some topics about this "issue"

Some say, the solution is, to but all loads to AC out.

loads on AC in will be handles very slow.


others say, once an EM24 grid meter is installed, its slow anyhow.

Sadly i dont know yet myself, as my installation is not finished yet. But i would also have an EM24. So... if you have more news or information on this, i would be happy, if you let me know.

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shaneyake avatar image shaneyake commented ·
Correct if you put the load on the AC_Out it will be handled by the inverters internal control loop which is much faster than the ESS control loop running on the GX.

The inverter still has a max ramp rate but it is still pretty fast.

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pedaaa avatar image pedaaa shaneyake commented ·
thanks for this answer. I ask myself the following:

In my case, i would have EM24 (RS485), some loads on AC-in, most of the loads on AC-Out1 and some on AC--Out2

So....

the loads on AC-in would be handled slower, correct?

But AC-Out1 and AC-Out2 should react quite fast, corrct?



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baxter avatar image baxter pedaaa commented ·
AFAIK, in case an energy meter is used and configured in the ESS setting, the internal control loop of the MPs is not used, even not for loads on ACout? Maybe someone can comment on that?
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shaneyake avatar image shaneyake baxter commented ·

Nope, the internal control loop is always used when ESS is running.

The internal control loop maintain an AC_INPUT setpoint. So any load on AC_OUT is handled by internal control loop and is really fast to responed.
The AC_INPUT setpoint is set by the GX, using the grid meter, this is only updated every 1-5 seconds. This is how ESS works.

The AC_OUT response time is limited by the ramp rate.
Rate limiting imposed by the used Country Grid code and limited to a max of 400W per second.

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pedaaa avatar image pedaaa shaneyake commented ·
thank you!!! that´s what i was hoping for. But nobody i asked so far. was able to confirm. Thats very good news, as 98% of my loads will be connected to AC-Out1 or AC-Out2
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shaneyake avatar image shaneyake pedaaa commented ·

It still be limited by 400W per second, so a 2kw load would still take 4-5secs before it is covered.


This doesn't really matter in most installs as most utility meters run on a 30min interval. So as long as you average 0W over the 30mins you won't be billed. The 10secs a grid meter may add is really not a problem we see in the real world.

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pedaaa avatar image
pedaaa answered ·

ah, one other point:

changing the grid set point to a small negative number might also help?!

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shaneyake avatar image
shaneyake answered ·

The ESS control loop is normally 1 - 5 seconds but there is a ramp rate it won't exceed so can take longer with big loads. This is normally not a problem as it averages out and most grid meters only report total energy used in 30min windows.

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pfuhu avatar image
pfuhu answered ·

I was actually concerned about this at well at the start. On the power consumption meter from my (belgian) energy supplier, I would also see a continious delay. Mostly, this is limited within the range of -40 to +40 watt, but in case of high loads (for example 2000 watts), the reaction seems to be quiet slow as described above.


However, when I look at the actual consumption/injection per day which is registered by the electrical company, it is limited (in my case on the worst days) to maximum 400Wh of injection and the same amount of consumption each day.. I also have days of only about 200Wh.


I have my grid feed value set to 0w. You could always adjust is to limit consumption or injection even more in one direction ...


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mondeoman avatar image
mondeoman answered ·

I recently installed an ESS for the whole house. All loads and the PV inverter are on AC IN (Grid Parallel topology).I'm using the EM24 RS485 grid meter.


I also noticed the slow response time of the ESS, but after 10 days the billing energy meter has registered only 5 kWh (average of 0.5 kWh per day), for about 200 kWh energy used inside the house.


So I'm not concerned and I don't consider this as a problem.

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mucwendel avatar image
mucwendel answered ·

btw. I have a ET340 and some people saying the EM24 should be better for ESS. But if the EM24 also reports wrong values it make no sense for me to change.

Lets see what the supplier grid meter reports after they have changed from the old Ferraris (no return lock ;-) to the new electronic grid meter.


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shaneyake avatar image shaneyake commented ·
The response time of the ET340 and EM24 are basically the same.


Both of them report the correct valves, just handle 3 phase reporting differently.

If you are getting wrong valves from the meter then your settings are wrong or the meter is broken.

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